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AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH STATION, ODAKKALI


acp-p-sN-Sn-I-fnse kwtbm-PnXIoS-tcmK \nb-{Ww

. 즦 . ,  .  䥯 & 받

-동 쬮, 䙹 

 

acp-p-sN-Sn-I a\p-jy-\n-tebpw ]n-ar-Km-Zn-I-fn-tebpw tcmK-s-Xnsc ^e-{]-Z-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-p-p--tm. Am-c-Ww -sIm-p- Xs acp-p-sN-Sn-I-fn AS-n-bn-p ]e-Xcw cmk-h-kvXp-fpw tcmK-tl-Xp--fm-bn-p _mIvSo-cn-b, Ipan-fp-I, hnc-I XpSnb-hbvsmw FXn-cmbn {]hn-p-p-v Fv hy-am-Wv. IoS-tcm-K-s-Xnsc ^e-{]-Z-amb cmk-h-kvXp- AS-n-bn-p--Xn-\m acp-psN-Sn-Isf _m[n-p IoS-tcm-K- hfsc Ipdhm-Wv. Fn-cp-mepw Ime-N-{I--fnse hyXnbm-\-n-\-\p-k-cnv Nne-Xcw IoS-tcm-K- acp-p-sN-Sn-I-fn-e-S-n-bn-p cmk-h-kvXp-s-Xnsc in-bmn-p-Ibpw Chsb Blm-ch-kvXp-hm-m Ign-hp-t\-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-p-v.A-s\-bp IoS-tcm-K-sfpdnpw AhbpsS \nb-{-W-am--sf-p-dnpamWv Xmsg {]Xn-]m-Zn-p--Xv.

I. IoS-\n-b-{Ww

Xnen

aoen-aq-bpw tXbne sImXp-Ip-amWv {][m\IoS-. aoen-aq--I Xns A{K-`m-K-pw, Ce-sR-p-I-fnepw, Xncn-I-fnepw Ccpv \ocq-n-p-Sn-p shfp \nd-n ImWp arZp-i-coc-Po-hn-I-fm-Wv. ssUan-tXm-tbv 0.2% As-n at-sX-nepw B-cnI IoS-\m-in\n Xfnv Chsb \nb-{n-mw. tXbn-e-sIm-Xp-Ip-I Idppw Nphpw ]bpw \nd--tfm-Sp- Iq-Snb sNdp-Nm-gn-I-fm-Wv. Ch-bpsS Ipp- Fdp-p-I-sf-tm-en-cn-pw. Cu Nmgn-I Xn \npw Xncn-I-fn \npw \ocq-n-p-Sn-pw. B{I-aWw cq--am-bm Xn-cnI sImgn-bpw. thnIpcp s]mSnv 2.5 {Kmw Hcp en sh-n F tXmXn thnIpcp kp-mn Xfn-m Cu IoSw \nb-{W hnt[-b-am-Ipw.

sNn-sm-Sp-then

Ce-I Xpf-bvp Nne-bn\w hp-Ifpw ]pNm-Sn-Ifpw sNn-sm-Sp-th-en-bpsS Iqne-I Xnp \in-n-pXmbn ImWm-dp-v. B{I-aWw cq-am-bm GsX-nepw kv]iIIoS-\m-in-\ntbm, thnIpcp ktm, ths---tkmv Iqtm Xfn-m aXn-bm-Ipw.

\oe-bacn

knn-Uv hK-ns]-Xpw sNSn-I-fpsS Fm- `m-K-p-\npw \ocq-n-p-Sn-p--Xp-amb sNdp-{]m-Wn-I-fmWv \oe-a-cn-bpsS {][m\ i{Xp. Ch Xnepw Ce-I-fpsS ASn-bnepw Bbn-c--W-n\v ImWpw. Ce-I a-\n-d-am-Ip-Ibpw sImgn-p- t]m-Ip-Ibpw sNpw. {ItaW sImp-I DW-p-Ibpw sNSn- Xs \inp t]mhp-Ibpw sNp--Xmbn ImWmw. Izn\mt^mkv 2 ann Hcp en sh-n F tXmXn Xfnv Chsb \nb-{n-mw.

hbv

Ce Xnp-\-in-n-p ]pgp-fpw, thcnt\bpw Xn-t\bpw _m[n-p aoen-ap--Ifpw hb-ns\ _m[n-m-dp-v. aossX ]c--tbm 1 ann, Izn\mt^mkv 2 ann, tmss]-dn-t^mkv 2 ann Hcp en sh-n\v F tXmXn GsX-n-ep-samv Xfn-p-Ibpw Nph-n Hgn-p-sIm-Sp-p-Ibpw sNbvXv Cu IoS-sf \nb-{-W-hn-t[-b-am-mw.

{_n

Ce-Isf B{I-an-p Nne-bn\w sNdp-h-p-Isf \nb-{n-m ]pI-bn-e-I-jm-btam thnIpcp ktm Xfn-m aXn-bm-Ip--Xm-Wv.

IkvXq-cn-a-

Xp-Xp-c- ]pgp- sNSn-I-fpsS \Sp-\mv Xpf-p -\-in-n-p--Xmbn ImWm-dp-v. 0.05% ssUan-tXm-tbv Asæn 0.025% Izn\mt^mkv Xfnv Xp-Xp-c-s\ \in-n-mhp--Xm-Wv. B{I-aWw cq-am-bm hopw acpv Xfn--Ww. IkvXq-cn-a--fns Ing-p-Isf B{I-an-p aoen-ap--Ifpw ImWm-dp-v. 0.05% ssUantXm-tbv Nph-n Hgn-p-sIm-Spv (B-{I-aWw cq-am-sW-n am{Xw) \nb-{n-mw.

Imhmg

Ce-bn-Sp-p-I-fn Iq--am-bn-cpv \ocq-n-p-Sn-p aoen-ap--Is-Xnsc tmss]-dn-t^mkv 2 ann Hcp en sh-n F tXmXn Xfn-mw. Ipdp-Inb Inshw Xfn-p-Xpw \-Xm-Wv.

Dj-a-ecn

Ce-I Xnp-\-in-n-p Hcp-Xcw ]-\nd-n-ep ]pgp-fpw, \ocq-n-p-Sn-p apbpw, Ce-t-\p-Ifpw Cu sNSn-bn ImWmdp-v. Chsb \nb-{n-m hn-j-hocyw Ipd GsX-nepw IoS-\m-in-\n-I-tfm, ]pI-bn-e-I-jm-btam, thnIpcp ktm D]-tbm-Kn-mw.

Hmcn-e, aqhne

Hcn\w Ce-Np-cp-n-]p-gp- Cu acp-p-sNSn--Isf B{I-an-m-dp-v. B{I-aWw cq-am-bm GsX-nepw kv]iI-Io-S-\m-in\n Xfn-mw.

hgp-X-\-hK-a-cp-p-sN-Sn-I

Xp-Xp-c- ]pgp, aoen-ap--I, Ce-I-fn Xpcp Ib-dp ]pgp- XpS-nb ]e IoS-fpw hgp-X-\-hK acp-p-sN-Sn-Iġv tISv hcp-m-dp-v. hnj-hocyw Ipd IoS-\m-in-\n-I Bh-iy-n\v am{Xw Xfnv Cu IoS-sf Xpc-mw. \na-hn-c-I-fmWv Cu sNSn-I-fpsS asmcp {][m\ i{Xp. B{I-a-W-hn-t[-b-am-Ip sNSn-IfpsS thcn apg-I ImWmw. sNSn-I Pe-e-`y-X-bn-msX hmSn DW-n-tm-Im-dp-v. \Sp kabv Hmtcm sNSn-bp-tSbpw Nph-n Hcp \pv Imt_m-^p-dm Xcn-I Cv \na-hn-c-I-fpsSB{I-aWw XS-bmw.

Ipangv

{][m\ XSn-bp-sSbpw inJ-c-n-tbpw CSbn-ep `mKp Xpf-p-I-bdn XSn Xnp \in-n-p ]pgp-hmWv {][m\ IoSw. Zzmcw ImjvShpw apw tNp-m-nb Hcp kn-sImv aqSnbn-cn-pw. Zzmcw aqSnb kn ]dn-p-am-nb tijw ssUtmthmkv F IoS-\m-in\n Hcp ann Hcp en sh-n F tXmXn Ien tNmv D]-tbm-Knv Hgn-p- sIm-Sp-m Cu ]pgp Ffp--n Np- t]m-Ip--Xm-Wv.

IkvXq-cn-sh

ImbvXp-c- ]pgp, Ce-Np-cp-n-]p-gp, acn Fn-h-bmWv {][m\ IoS-. aossX Unsatm 2 ann Hcp en sh-n F tXmXn Xfnv ImbvXp-c- ]pgp-hns\ \nb-{n-mw. Ce-Np-cpn ]pgp-hn-s\-Xnsc hnj-hocyw Ipd kv]i-IIo-S-\m-in-\n-I ^e-{]-Z-am-Wv.- a--cnsb Xpc-m 3 {Kmw sh-_n k^ Hcp en sh-n F tXmXn Xfn-mw.

II. tcmK-\n-b-{Ww

Xnen

ag-m-ep ImWp Hcp {][m\ tcmKamWv hn-I-fp-tSbpw Ce-I-fp-tSbpw Non. th\¡m-ev Ce-I-fn h-n-ep DW-nb `mK-fpw, Ce-I-fpsS Acn-Ip-I-fnse Icn-nepw ImWm-dp-v. Cu tcmK-sXnsc 1% t_mtUm an{in-X-tam, 2 ann Hcp en sh-n F tXmXn slIvkm-tIm-W-tkm F Ipan \min-\ntbm sabvamkw apX ]e {]mh-iy-ambn Xfn-t-n-h-cpw. sshdkvtcmKw t]mse Ce-a--fnpw Ce-ap-c-Snpw ImWp asmcp tcmK-ap-v.Cu tcmKw hm sNSn-I-fpsS hf apc-Sn-p-Ibpw Xncn-I sNdp-Xm-hp-Ibpw KpW-taa Ipdbp-Ibpw sNpw. Cs\ ImWp sNSn-I thtcmsS ]ngpXp \in-n-t--Xm-Wv.

sNn-sm-Sp-then

Ce-I-cn-n-emWv km[m-c-W-bmbn ImWmdptcmKw. 1% t_mtUm an{inXw Xfnv Cu tcmKw \nb-{-W-hn-t[-b-am-mw.

\oe-bacn

ssXIsf _m[n-p Nph-Sp-No-ntcmKw {]tXy-Inv ag-m-ev ImWm-dp-v. tcmKw h sNSn-I hmSn \in-p-t]m-Ipw. amtm-sk_v 0.3% As-n 1% t_mtUman{inXw sNSn-I-fpsS Nph-n -H-gn-p-sIm-Spv Cu tcmKw \nb-{n-mw.

hbv

Ce-p-n-tcmKw Ce-I-fn s]mpt]mse Nmc-\n-d-n-ep AS-bm-f--fmbn ImWmw. Cu tcmK-\n-b-{-W-n\v 0.1% Im]vm Xfn-m aXn-bm-Ipw.

{_n

hfsc Npcp--ambn Xp- No-ntcmKw {_nsb _m[n-m-dp-v.Ims_Uknw 0.1% hocy-n Xfnv tcmK-_m[ Hgn-hm-mw.

Nn-c

Im]vm 0.1% As-n t_mtUman{inXw Xfnv Nn-c--bnse Ce-p-ntcmKw \nb-{n-mw.

sN-gp-\on-gv

ag-m-epm-Ip Ce-No-n tcmK-n-s\-Xnsc 1% t_mtUm an{inXw As-n 0.1% Ims_-Uknw Xfn-p-Ibpwan Hgn-p-sIm-Sp-p-Ibpw sNbvXv tcmKw \nb-{-W-hn-t[-b-am-mw.

IkvXq-cn-a-

Ce DW-epw, Ce-p-n-bpamWv {][m-\-tcm-K-. DW-nb Ce-I-fn Nmc-\n-d-nep CS-hn-p hc-I ImWp--Xm-Wv CeDW- tcmK e-Ww. Nph-nse Ce-I-fnemWv Cu tcmKw IqSp-X ImWm-dv. Cu tcmK- \nb-{n-m 1% t_mtUm an{inXw As-n 0.2% amtm-sk_v Xfn-mw.

BS-tem-SIw

BS-tem-S-I-ns aq Ce-I-fn Ce-p-n-tcmKw {]Xy--s-Sm-dp-v. tcmKw h Ce-I a-\n-d-am-hp-Ibpw sImgn-bp-Ibpw sNpw. Cu tcmK-n-s\-Xnsc Ims_Uknw 0.1% hocy-n Xfn-mw.

Imhmg

Ce-p-n, Ce-I-cn-n, B{m-Ivt\mkv Fo Ce-Isf _m[n-p Ipantcm-K--fmWv {][m\w. B{m-Ivt\mkv _m[n Ce-I-fn Xhn-p-\n-d-n-tem, Nmc-\n-d-ntem D XSn-p-I-fmbn ]mSp-I {]Xy--s-Sp-p. tcmKw cq-am-bm Ce-I No-gp-In-tm-Ipw. Ce-p-n-tcm-K-n-s\-Xnsc 0.2% amtm-sk-_pw, Ce-I-cn-n-en\pw B{m-Ivt\m-kn-\p-sa-Xnsc Ims_Uknw 0.1% hocy-nepw HcmgvN CS-hnv cp- aq-p-{]m-hiyw Xfn--Ww.

Dj-a-ecn

Ce-ap-c-Snv AYhm enn eo^v F sshdkv tcmK-hpw, DWv F Ipantcm-K-hp-amWv Dj-a-e-cnsb _m[n-p {][m-\-tcm-K-. enneo^v _m[n Ce-I sNdp-Xmbpw apc-Snpw Cfw a \nd-n-ep-am-bncn-pw. sNSn-I-fpsS hfsb _m[n-p Cu tcmKw ImWp sNSn-I DSs\ ]ngpXp\in-n-t--Xm-Wv. ap-Ifpw Ce-t-\p-Ifp-amWv Cu tcmKw ]c-p--sX--Xn-\m Ahsb \in-n-p-Xpw Cu tcmKw hym]n-p--Xn-s\-Xnsc ^e-{]-Z-am-Wv. ssXI-tfbpw sNSn-I-tfbpw _m[n-p ssU_mv tcmK-\n-b-{-W-n\v 0.2% kns\_v As-n 0.1% slIvkm-tIm-W-tkm Xfn-p-Ibpw Nphn Hgn-p-sIm-Sp-p-Ibpw sNt--Xm-Wv.

IkvXq-cn-sh

sh]q (]u-Udn anUyq), hm-tcmKw Fn-h-bmWv km[m-c-W-tcm-K-. ]uUdn anUyq _m[n sNSn-I-fpsS Ce-I-fn shfp s]mSn-t]mse ]q {]XysSpw. B `mKw a-\n-d-ambnImWmw. hm-tcmKw _m[n sNSn-I AmsS hmSn \in-p- t]m-Ip--Xm-Wv. sh-_n k^ 0.3% Xfnv sh-]q--ens\ \nb-{n-mw. hm-tcmKw \nb-{n-p--Xn\v 1% t_mtUm an{in-X-tam, 0.3% amtm-sk_v emb-\n-tbm, 0.1% Ims_Uknw emb-\ntbm Xfn-p-Ibpw Nph-n Hgn-p-sIm-Sp-p-Ibpw sNt--Xm-Wv

hgp-X\-hK -a-cp-p-sN-Sn-I

hm-tcm-Khpw samtk-Iv tcm-K-hp-amWv Cu hK-n-ep acp-p-sN-Sn-Isf _m[n-m-dv. hm-tcm-K-\n-b-{-W-n-\mbn 0.3% amtm-sk_v As-n 0.1% Ims_Uknw Xfn-p-Ibpw Nph-n Hgn-p-Ibpw sNt--Xm-Wv. tcmKw hm ap \nb-{-W-amK--fn-m--Xn-\m samtkIvtcmKw h sNSn-I Nph-tSmsS ]dnv \in-n--Ww. {]Ir-Xn-bn ImWp GsXmcp kkyhpw Hcp- X-c-n As-n asmcp Xc-n Huj-[-Kp-W-ap--Xm-Wv. \psS cmPyv GXmv 20000 kky-C-\- D-Xn 1500--Hmfw C\- Huj-[-k-ky--fm-Wv. DjvW-ta-J-em-l-cn-X-h-\-fpw, dnkp-h-\-fpw \mn]p-d--fnse {]Ir-Xn-c-a-Wo-b-amb Ipp-Ifpw, ae-I-fpw, Xmgvhc-Ifpw apw Huj-[-k-ky--fpsS Ie-h-d- Xs-bm-bncp-p. Fm hn P\-s-cp-w, hyh-km-b-h¡-c-Ww, h\-\-io-I-c-Ww, Xo{h-amb Irjn-co-Xn-I, Aim-kv{Xo-b-amb ]-a-cpv tiJ-cWw, {]Ir-Xn-bnse {]Xn-Iqe-am-- apX-emb Imc-W--fm Ch \mġp-\m \in-p-sIm-n-cn-p-Ibm-Wv. Imn\npw acp-p-sN-Sn-I ]dns-Sp-m-\-msX \p-]n-Sn-nm Bcpw {ian-m-dn-. Cu kml-N-cy-n \p-tS-Xmb Huj-[-k-ky-sf hwi-\m-i-n\nv ]cn-c-n-p-Ibpw, hn-p-h-cp Btcm-Ky--hy-hkm-bn-Im-h-iy- \nd-th-t--Xn\pw \mw Xo{h-bXv\wXs \S-t-n-bn-cn-p-p. a\x]q-ambn Huj-[-sN-Sn-I \p-h-fp-Ibpw Irjn sNp-Ibpw sNt Imew AXn-{I-an-n-cn-p-I-bm-Wv. ]cn-]m-e-\m-h-iy-I-X-bpsS ASn-m-\-n Huj-[-kkysf {][m-\-ambpw aqmbn Xcw Xncn-mw. htXm-Xn em`-I-c-ambn Irjn sNm-hp--h, hop-h-f-n Npcp-nb tXmXn \p-h-fmhp--h, {]Ir-Xn-Z--am-bn-s hf-cp-hm A\p-h-Zn-t-h Fn--s\-bmWv XcwXncn-n-p--Xv.

Correct citation: 

Skaria, B. P., Joy, P. P., Mathew, S., Mathew, G., Martin, M., Chacko, B. and Rasheeda, C. A. 2005. Training manual on Medicinal plants for trade and home remedies (Malayalam), 17-18 March 2005, Kerala Agricultural University, Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, Asamannoor P.O., Ernakulam, India, 108 p.

 
 
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